NFTs – A Comprehensive Guide

From Beginner to Expert and for Anybody In-between

Written By Garrett Mckeown, Founder of Market Watch and Freelance Crypto Journalist

Smgproductions.hub@gmail.com

This is an Image of this Article as an NFT

So Much to See

There is a lot to learn when it comes to NFTs and the tokenization of fungibility online. The implications are large and potentially broad enough to touch everyone’s daily life in one way or another, but what it all means depends on you – are you an investor, an artist, a developer, a consumer, or a professional who’s industry is changing due to NFTs? Learn what an NFT is and how they are changing culture – and the global economy.

Let’s start with the basics.

What is an NFT?

An NFT is a “Non Fungible Token.” In the simplest terms NFTs represent digital uniqueness – or the ability to have a verifiably one of a kind digital representation of real goods and services. Think… original digital Mona Lisa secured by the strength of the blockchain.

Non Fungible? Token?

Fungibility is a descriptive property by which all matter can be separated into two groups – fungible and non fungible. In most cases Fungible means identical to the others, and in financial terms Fungibility is the ability to swap two instruments of the same value.

The fungibility of a trade is determined by various factors of the trade and there is always an agreed upon fungibility in every fair trade.

Although fungibility has always played a role in economics the properties of the blockchain combined with recent advancements such as smart contracts provided a new digital asset (token) that can be coded to be fungible, non fungible, or to have mixed qualities – properties dependent simply on code.


100% Unique Asset (Non Fungible – NFT)

The immutable properties of a distributed and cryptographically linked chain (blockchain) establish the digital environment necessary to facilitate the existence of a unique digital asset. Data is stored in a specific address on chain which can not be falsely manipulated. This address is the identifier needed to make something a unique and immutable asset. Bitcoins are NFTs and so are Ether Tokens. Ethereum added functionality to their NFTs by coding them with smart contracts.

A 100% non fungible token is completely unique – having at least one unique feature that can never be duplicated or modified. Although tradeable, an NFT is not swappable identically 1:1 as there can only be one unique copy.

100% Identical Asset (Fungible – Privacy Coin)

On the other end of the spectrum are 100% fungible tokens which provide privacy and can be traded 1:1 with with no history of the trade and no way to know which token is which after the trade. This represents a 100% fungible trade or 100% fungibility. Privacy coins like Monero claim to be fungible. Is Monero Fungible?


In reality no asset is 100% fungible or 100% non fungible and every asset varies in fungibility, thus there is a sliding scale to how fungible a token or other financial instrument is or isn’t. NFTs are as secure as the chain they reside on. Privacy coins are as fungible as the code that makes the chain. Even two atoms of gold have a different position in space. At some point everything is unique but everything can be duplicated. Conscience may be the last non fungible entity left, whos sanctity is already under attack by technology giants like Microsoft with patents in place to turn every living human brain into the same collective conscience artificial intelligence effectively changing the mind from being unique, individual, or non fungible to an identical brain to all the others, the same, or fungible.


Shifting Scale of Fungibility

Varying levels of fungibility are decided upon by the parties in a trade. The variables which determine the terms of the deal will ultimately include fungibility requirements. These requirements, while may not be explicitly stated or verbally expressed, always exist in every deal. Imagine the fact that over 99% of trades are made in the entire economy without either party knowing the definition of fungible.

Variables That Move the Scale

By understanding fungibility and the variables which determine it, you will have more control over the fungibility requirements necessary to trade and will have a trade advantage over basically the entire population. Your goal as a trading party should be to recognize the desired fungibility of interested parties, and negotiate yourself an advantageous position. Because most investors don’t recognize fungibility specifically it is a wide area to gain trade advantage and walk away with a good deal.

If the fungibility of a trade can not be met, but the deal is still to go down – a party may offer something else of value to maintain the deal. For example if two people are trading cards but one does not have the same quality then another card of object of value may be added to the deal.

Trading Parties

The trading parties have the most control over the fungibility of a deal. Outside variables effect their choice but ultimately the trading parties determine the terms of the deal. Fungibility is always a factor in any trade, and educated parties consider it in every trade.

Medium of Exchange

The currency that you choose to transact with affects the fungibility of the transaction. The more you know about the asset your are exchanging the more you can determine fungibility. With NFTs and the programming of money comes the ability to fine tune the fungibility of your currency, which leads us to our next variable.

Code (Magic)

The potential that comes with programming money is hard to realize but the surface has not yet been scratched.

Privacy and Security

If your identity, security, privacy, or reputation is at risk when trading you would require a higher level of assurance in the fungibility of your transaction. This can affect market size, trade fees, and more. Excessive fungibility requirements means a smaller market or more niche market to trade with.

Reputation

The reputation of a coin or the parties in a trade affects the fungibility of the trade. A privacy coin with a standing history like Monero may be more trusted than a newer privacy coin and held as a requirement for trade. A family member or long time friend may not be held to the same standards when transferring funds between them due to your reputation with them as family.

History

History associated with an asset can affect it’s fungibility, as well as the history associated with the parties involved in the trade. The bitcoin in your wallet has a history leading all the way back to it’s inception block, a history that differs from the bitcoin in my wallet.

Exchange Platform

The platform you use to exchange changes the fungibility. Crypto exchanges have varying fees, in house tokens, K.Y.C requirements for trading, some take debit, ACH transfers, credit, crypto, etc… all these variables play a role in your trade. Even Walmart poses unique deals and restrictions on it’s customers, credit card platforms like visa do the same.

Regulatory Jurisdictions

Governments can dictate trade regulations, fees, taxes, sanctions, embargos, seizures, searches, and more all by way of force and all of which affect the fungibility of your trades.


Use Cases for Non Fungible Tokens

NFT technology provides the ability to take physical items and uniquely represent them digitally, allowing the physical world the ability to tokenized and programmed. The merging of the physical and digital has already begun and NFT technology provides an enormous speculative environment where use cases gather millions of dollars in investments overnight. Some uses have been established while most have yet to be considered, invented, or brought to market.

NFTs are disrupting every industry, providing

  • Digital Ownership over Property
  • New Marketing Strategies and Systems
  • Identification Services
  • Original and Unique Media Creation
  • Anti-Piracy and Online Theft Systems
  • Digital Passes/Keys to Real or Digital Locks (Tickets, Coupons, etc)
  • Security Systems

Avenues for Investment

Speculating on the future of digital fungibility offers multiple new investment vehicles and options. Opportunities for investment can, for the most part, be boiled down into two groups NFTs and NFT protocols. The NFT being the item and the protocol being the code/system/software that facilitates its use.

Basically any existing financial system or otherwise can be represented as an NFT and then programmed to offer new function, considering this reality – investment opportunities are vast. Research and an understanding of financial systems is your best bet to gaining the knowledge necessary to purchase the right NFTs or NFT protocols.

NFTs

The simplest way to invest in NFTs is to buy and hold an NFT. An NFT can represent anything so this could be a piece of art, a song, a blockchain domain, or an identity.

NFT Protocols

An NFT is an item. Systems or protocols will be developed on blockchains to facilitate the use of NFTs. Protocols offering NFT services generally have tokens which can be used as speculative vessels to bet on the success of the platform. For example a social media site where the platform is the protocol and the user is the NFT, the posts are NFTs, the messages are NFTs etc. As an investor you can invest in NFT protocols generally by purchasing and holding the systems native token.

Blockchain

NFT protocols may change from token to token and offer different investments, but all protocols and NFTs exist on the chain they were deployed on. An NFT minted on the Ethereum network benefits Ethereum and an NFT minted on Binance Smart Chain benefits Binance. By holding ETH/BNB you invest in the blockchain and by proxy invest in every NFT minted on the chain.

Noteworthy NFTs

Beeple

Beeple sells NFT original art piece for $69 Million.

Budweiser

Budweiser buys NFT domain name Beer.eth for $100,000.

Visa

Visa buys CryptoPunk NFT avatar for $150,000.

Conclusion

It’s likely that everything you can see and everything you can’t will be represented digitally as an NFT. Protocols will be made to facilitate the use of these representations. We are lucky to be alive during this time as there is a lot of money to be made here. Hopefully this helped you understand more in depth what an NFT is and why it is.

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Complete NFT Guide by Market Watch

Preparing For Launch

Token Launch Strategies for a Successful Moon Mission

So you’ve found a pre launch project that is worth throwing some money into. Now you are probably counting every second waiting for a contract address to ape into – only to find yourself receiving pancake errors, slippages, and other slowdowns keeping you from your 10x.

To prevent this and to maximize results we will cover everything you need to know to prepare for a project launch.

What You Need (Flight List)

Proficiency with these applications should be achieved before engaging in a token launch.

  • Crypto Wallet that can Interact with Web3 applications (We recommend MetaMask)
  • On Chain Native Currency to Pay for Fees Across the Network (Binance Network requires BNB and Ethereum network requires ETH)
  • Telegram Account
  • Poocoin Tab
  • Calculator
  • Pen and Paper

Setting the Table

Getting everything prepared before a token is made public is essential to success. Emotional decisions during high stress investments often results in losing money. Preparation is key to managing your emotions and sticking to a plan.

  • Web Browser
    Open and organize all tabs on a fresh window.
  • Timer
    Set a timer for when the project launches. Sometimes this information is not available or an exact time is not given. Some projects run a timer in their telegram group and some projects set a launch block on chain which can be tracked through bscscan.
  • Inputs
    Input any information you will need beforehand. Purchase amounts, login information, questions, etc…
  • Close all Open Programs
    Close anything that isn’t going to help make you money.
  • Calculator, Pen, Paper
    Using a calculator, a pen, and paper is the fastest way to log information and take notes. You can’t remember everything and there will be a lot of numbers you want to record. Consider taking photos as well for fast references.
  • Slippage
    Setting the slippage within Pancakeswap to 20% will considerably increase the odds that your transaction is complete. Slippages need to be raised in volatile markets.
  • Personal Rituals
    Do the things in life that make you calm and focused. For some people it might be a cup of coffee, a clean room, or a workout. Find your happy place.

Ready, Set, Go

Prices move quickly during token launches. Here are some examples of launches with the potential to make large returns with preparation and speed. To get in early on these graphs make sure you have everything ready pre launch, wait in the telegram group for a legitimate contract address, and quickly copy and paste the address into an exchange to swap.


Promotion – Sugar Rush Launch – August 16th, 2021




Types of Launches

  • Fair Launch
    A fair launch is the current gold standard of crypto launches. A fair launch is when liquidity is added to the token and swaps can be made for everyone across the board at the same time. Fair launches limit the amount of potential foul play and level the playing field as best as possible but are still suspect to deviancy.
  • Pre Sale
    Pre sales are when a portion of the token supply is sold prior to the public release. This allows a smaller group of people to get in on early prices while others must wait for the public release. Pre sales aren’t fair to every investor by design. By getting into a pre sale you may be able to make some profit if the project succeeds at its public offering at the risk of knowing investors are less likely to buy a coin which had a pre sale.
  • White List
    A white list is a form of presale where a list of investors is made usually through completing criteria who are then able to participate in a pre sale of tokens. The criteria to enter whitelists are usually following social medias, filling surveys, participating in events like giveaways, shilling, etc… this is to benefit those who promoted the project before release.
  • Pre Farm
    In rare cases projects will establish a special pool where you can stake token X for payouts in token Y, where token Y is a market tradable coin which will then be redeemed 1:1 with the new to be released token. So investors have an opportunity to farm a token which will be public at a later date. This style can make sense if a farming project is going from layer 1 to layer 2 and issuing a new token.
  • ICO
    Ethereum started the crypto space race with the ICO boom of 2017. An ICO is an Initial Coin Offering and can have a variety of launch styles in itself. In general an amount of coins are offered at a sale price then the rest of the coins are minted through a mining/staking process.
  • IFO
    Decentralized Exchanges such as PancakeSwap offer their platforms as launchpads for new projects to fundraise. Investors participate by adding capital in advance to purchase from a limited amount of tokens during the sale.
  • Stealth Launch
    A stealth is simply a project that launches with no marketing or promotions.

Competitors

Competition is a double edged sword, without it there is no money to be made, but it also means there is always someone else looking to capitalize off of your mistakes – and sometimes that person is you.

  • Other Investors
    Everyone wants the same thing, to buy low and sell high.
  • Bots
    Bots are written to scan blockchains, social apps, and the internet for new contracts and buy before your human skin and bones can react.
  • Insiders
    Insider trading is and always will be a part of investing. Everyone is currently operating on some level of knowledge and there are people with way more of it than you and they knew it before you. Developers, and potentially anybody on the team is sharing information with others before it goes public. There isn’t really anything you can do about it but try and get access to the best information you can. Join groups, be active, be the person people want to tell inside information to. Be an asset and be trustworthy. There ARE inside circles where information is passed, you DO have to compete with that.
  • Your Emotions
    If other investors, bots, and insiders aren’t enough competition for you… say hello to yourself. Have a plan before investing, have a plan b, and have an exit strategy. Stick to your plan to curb emotional decision making. Follow basic investing principles and watch the charts for your entry/exit points.

Common Scams

Whenever money is being moved there are people trying to steal it from you. Keep an eye out for these common scams surrounding launches. We can break scammers down into two groups for now – the first are those who use legitimate projects as an environment to prey on, and the second being that the project itself is a scam of some form.

  • Fake Contract Addresses
    Scammers will often post fake contract addresses in group chats minutes or seconds before the official contract is launched. Because launches are time sensitive and people are competing for early buys, investors can become victims by acting emotionally and using the first contract they see. To prevent yourself from becoming a victim, always use contract addresses from official members, from pinned messages, or from the projects main page. Scammers will create fake accounts and fake groups to spread fake contracts, always double check.
  • Fake Groups and Accounts
    Be on the lookout for fake groups and accounts. They will be using the same names and logos as the official project, they will be using the names of the mods, admins, and devs of the official project. Usually they will be pretending to be a customer service or support agent who will try to get your private key in some way or another. To protect yourself remember not to talk to strangers and NEVER give out your private key.
  • Rugpulls
    There are common signs and symptoms that present themselves before a project Rugs. Assess every project through a set of test’s to determine the voracity of a project, any project can be a rug. If you need help determining a gem from a rug click here.

Conclusion

There are hundreds and sometimes thousands of people trying to get a lower price than you. Practice and prepare yourself before hand to beat out the competition. Familiarize yourself with the process through research and participation in as many launches as you can.